Breathing Space (7’56) is an early studio composition that uses the human voice as the only sound source. As the title suggests, the driving force of the work is the breath and its potential to evoke different sensations of space. Breathing Space continually overlaps the border between the literal and metaphorical, and the ambiguous relationship between ‘natural’ and processed sounds. The form proceeds as a relatively free exploration of these multiple vocal possibilities but comes to pivot on a transformation from intense saturation to extreme reduction. The work was selected for a range of international broadcasts on experimental radio.